Development/Strengthening of Agricultural Marketing, Grading And Standardization Scheme: The central sector scheme was launched on 20.10.2004 under which credit linked subsidy is provided for general or commodity specific marketing infrastructure for agricultural and allied commodities and for strengthening and modernization of existing agricultural markets, including those of wholesale, rural, periodic in nature. It is a linked to implementation of three reforms, namely, (i)Setting up Markets in Private and Cooperative sector,(ii) Provision for Contract Farming and (iii) Provision for Direct Marketing and is being implemented in those States/ UTs which have amended their APMC Act accordingly. The assistance is available to various categories which include individuals, group of farmers/ growers/ consumers, Partnership/ Proprietary firms, NGOs, SHGs, Companies, Corporations, Cooperatives, etc.
There are various different schemes under which farmers can be benefitted, those are, Farm Credit Package, Interest Subvention To Farmers, Extension Of Interest Subvention Scheme To Post Harvest Loan, Collateral Free Loans, Kisan Credit Card Scheme, Agriculture Debt Waiver And Debt Relief Scheme(ADWDRS) etc.
Safeguard yourself against non-preventable natural risks like natural disasters/calamities, insect and pest diseases, and adverse weather conditions. Take benefit of appropriate crop insurance scheme applicable in your area. Four insurance schemes are being implemented 1) National Agro Insurance Scheme 2) Modified National Agro Insurance Scheme 3) Weather Crop Insurance Scheme 4) Coconut Palm Insurance Scheme. You can contact nearest branch or bank/insurance company to avail the benefits of this scheme.
Two schemes are covered under this, 1) Post harvest technology and management 2) Promotion and strengthening of agricultural mechanization through training, testing and demonstration. There is 100% grant-in-aid for purchase of machinery and contingencies expenditure per demonstration for equipment. This demonstration is given by state government.
Adopting horticulture crops for higher income from lesser area. For healthy crop plant use high quality seeding. You can use maximum profit under the scheme named, National Horticulture Mission (NHM). Maximum profit can be gained using proper methods of harvesting, cleaning, grading, processing and packing.
Through irrigation scheme conserve soil and water. Harvest rain water through construction check dams and ponds. Adopt crop diversification and seed production and nursery raising in water logged areas. Enhance crop quality and productivity by taking assistance under the schemes named, 1) Extending green revolution in eastern India ,2) Micro irrigation 3) National Food Security Mission.
Expensive equipment’s can be used by sharing/custom hiring by group of farmers. Modern technology and machinery benefits can be gained under the schemes named, Initiative for Nutritional Security Through Intensive Millets Promotion (INSIMP), Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil palm and Maize (ISOPOM), Macro Management of Agriculture (MMA).
Rastriya Krishi Vikas Yojana is a special additional central assistance scheme which was launched in 2007 to orient agricultural development strategies, to reaffirm its commitment to achieve 4 per cent annual growth in the agricultural sector during the 11th plan. The scheme was launched to incentivize the States to provide additional resources in their State Plans over and above their baseline expenditure to bridge critical gaps. The sectors covered under this scheme are Crop cultivation, Horticulture, Animal Husbandry & Fisheries.
To ensure easy availability of high-quality certified seeds at reasonable price to farmers, the agriculture ministry has launched the National Mission On Seeds for the 12th plan period. Lack of high-quality certified seeds both for cereals and also for fruits and along with their poor replacement ratio have been one of the main drawbacks in Indian agriculture.
In order to get maximum benefit out of this scheme, farmers can apply in root zone instead of road casting. For reclaiming acidic soil, use lime and for saline/user soil, use gypsum. Farmers desirous of adopting Participatory Organic Guarantee System (PGS – India) Certification system may form a group of at least 5 farmers and get it registered with the nearest Regional Council or Regional Centre of Organic Farming. Schemes covered under this are, Integrated Schemes Of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil Palm And Maize(ISOPOM), National Food Security Mission (NFSM), National Project On Management Of Soil Health And Fertility.
Resorting deep ploughing during summer season. Using pest resistant s (such as BT Cotton) etc. and manage pests by adopting crop rotation, inter-cropping, trap-cropping. Use parasites and predators for biological control of the pests.For controlling insect pests, use Sex Pheromone trap, Nuclear Poly-Hydrosis Virus (NPV), Pseudomonas and Trichogramma card. Promote the use of organic and neem-based insecticides. Schemes covered are, Accelerated Pulse Production Programme (A3P), Special programme on Oil Palm Area Development, Macro Management of Agriculture (MMA).